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- Title: Cinema I
- Author: Gilles Deleuze
- Published: 1983
- Title: Cinema II
- Author: Gilles Deleuze
- Published: 1985
- Cinema is a technology that frees human from what it actually is.
- Cinematic distribution of images have made us see more but perceive/think less. Cinema reduces the future to already experienced forms (cliché or stereotypes).
- We do not apply philosophy to cinema, nor use cinema as an example of philosophical thinking. When we think through cinema, the life and out philosophical thinking will be transformed.
- The history of though is cinematic. Life has evolved through the production of relations (new mode of thinking) among images.
- Traditionally, essence is regarded stable and timeless – what remains the same through time.
- For Deleuze, there is not stable entities, there is only time and the creation of difference. Therefore, essence is something that creates difference.
- The essence of cinema is not what it generally is or the features all films share. What allows to produce new forms is the essence of cinema.
- When Hollywood reuses the same form of movies again and again, it does not actualize the essence (potential) of cinema.
- Premodern idea of movement: it is the regulated transition from one form to another as a privileged instance in time. It is oriented in advance to what it ought to achieve.
- Modern idea of movement: it is not a special instance but any-instance-whatever. Passage is not determined in advance.
- By presenting images, the movement-image allows us to construct events according to the sequences of purposes, of natural consequences, or of changing situations.
- Each movement (action) alters a situation, alters relations, and alters the whole.
- Cinematic styles or techniques indirectly connects each movement to an open whole.
- Montage presents movement not as moving a single body in space, but as connecting different movements to a dynamic whole.
- In the changing whole, time is not a series of equivalent moment, but a whole duration of dynamics.
- Movement-Images are not yet direct images of time. We still see changes from one movement from another.
- Perception-Image: things (subject seeing an object)
- Action-Image: verbs (an action transforms a situation)
- Affection-Image: qualities (an absorption of movement by inactive but receptive body)
- In Time-Image, cinema is not a copy of a human-eye (perception-image) nor a series of actual movements (action-image).
- Time-Image creates its own movements and its own time.