born in Thagaste, Numidia (modern-day Souk Ahras, Algeria)
354 ~ 430
- Try to reconcile Christianity with Greek philosophy
- “Ideas” of Plato and “Forms” of Aristotle became God
- Dualism: God and Evil, Light and Darkness, Spirit and Matter
- Everything is God’s creation and must follow His laws and will.
- Matter was created by God out of nothing (void) according to the ideas and forms in God’s mind.
- God’s creation is only good.
- Evil comes from mankind’s disobedience