St. Augustine

born in Thagaste, Numidia (modern-day Souk Ahras, Algeria)
354 ~ 430

Apologists

  • Try to reconcile Christianity with Greek philosophy
  • Ideas” of Plato and “Forms” of Aristotle became God

Manichaeism

  • Dualism: God and Evil, Light and Darkness, Spirit and Matter

Nature

  • Everything is God’s creation and must follow His laws and will.
  • Matter was created by God out of nothing (void) according to the ideas and forms in God’s mind.

Ethics

  • God’s creation is only good.
  • Evil comes from mankind’s disobedience

 

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