St. Augustine

born in Thagaste, Numidia (modern-day Souk Ahras, Algeria)
354 ~ 430


  • Try to reconcile Christianity with Greek philosophy
  • Ideas” of Plato and “Forms” of Aristotle became God


  • Dualism: God and Evil, Light and Darkness, Spirit and Matter


  • Everything is God’s creation and must follow His laws and will.
  • Matter was created by God out of nothing (void) according to the ideas and forms in God’s mind.


  • God’s creation is only good.
  • Evil comes from mankind’s disobedience


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