Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza (1632 ~1677)

Amsterdam, Dutch

Nature

  • Pantheism
    • God is all. All is in God.
  • Substance
    • There is only ONE substance (God/Nature)
    • Attributes
      • Humans recognize two of many God’s qualities or manifestations: Thought and Extension
    • Modes
      • The various phenomena of the world are modes of two attributes of God/Nature.

Ethics

  • Human Life is subject to the universal laws of nature.

 

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