Utopia

Utopia is a word derived from the Greek prefix “οὐ (ou-), not,” and “τόπος (topos) – place,” with the suffix “-iā (-ία)” that is a typical ending of the place names (toponym). Utopia literally means “nowhere.” Also, Utopia can be interpreted with the Greek prefix “eu-, good”; a good place.

Utopia is not an actual Greek word. Thomas More introduced the word in his book “Libellus vere aureus, nec minus salutaris quam festivus, de optimo rei publicae statu deque nova insula Utopia” in 1516. As the name suggests, Utopia (No Place) can be a place that might not be actualized in the real world. But our interest in a dream world has never been subdued despite its impracticality. Political thinkers and philosophers have pursued to show how the world of perfection looks like or can be achieved. It is no wonder that Utopia or Dystopia is a recurring theme of SF novels as well.

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[Thomas Piketty] CAPITAL in the Twenty-First Century

  • Title: CAPITAL in the Twenty-First Century
  • Author: Thomas Piketty
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Translated: Arthur Goldhammer (2014)
  • ISDN-13: 978-0-674-43000-6

Piketty’s “CAPITAL in the Twenty-First Century” aims that there is a scientific approach to determine what (economic) factors cause inequality of wealth. Piketty relies on statistical and historical data to back up his hypothesis.

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[Noam Chomsky] Profit Over People

  • Title: Profit Over People; Neoliberalism And Global Order
  • Author: Noam Chomsky
  • Published: 1999
  • Publisher: Seven Stories Press, New York, NY
  • ISBN: 978-1-888363-82-1

Noeliberalists argues that neoliberalism is about individual freedom through the minimum government and free market. Also, it is how democracy should work.

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