LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN (1889 ~ 1951), AUSTRIA
Wittgenstein worked on logic, the philosophy of mathematics, and the philosophy of language. His unique idea of how logical relationship between the world and propositions (or philosophical arguments).
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- GILLES DELEUZE (1925 ~ 1995), FRANCE
- FÉLIX GUATTARI (1930 ~ 1992), FRANCE
Gilles Deleuze, a philosopher, and Félix Guattari, a psychoanalyst, wrote a number of works together. Their collaborations marked a significant progress of post-structuralism.
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Anarchism has a bad connotation – no authority, chaos, animal kingdom, survival of the strongest, etc. Any anarchist does not think we can live alone like orangutans. So, what does it mean when there is no central government, and how do human beings actually live together?
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- A Theory of Justice (1971) – John Rawls
- Anarchy, State and Utopia (1974) – Robert Nozick
In Ethics, the primary question is what is good and what is right. How does equality play the role here? Is equality the precondition of being just? Is equality the result of a just society? Has equality nothing to do with justice? Or does equality actually violate some justice?
The debate between Rawls and Nozick has been a hot topic of this context and helps you philosophize your own ideas.
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